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7th World Congress on Epilepsy and Brain Disorders, will be organized around the theme “”

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Epilepsy also known as a seizure disorder and it is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Seizures can look different, like losing awareness or moving arms and legs a lot. Sometimes we know why epilepsy happens, but other times we don't. You need to have two seizures at least 24 hours apart to be diagnosed with epilepsy. Medicines or surgery can help most people control their seizures. Some people need treatment forever, while others stop having seizures. Some kids with epilepsy may get better as they grow up. So, epilepsy is different for everyone, and treatments depend on each person's situation.


Epilepsy is when someone has seizures because their brain acts strangely. Seizures can be different for everyone, from small moments of not paying attention to big shaking fits where they pass out. Some people know why they have epilepsy, like if they had a head injury or it runs in their family, but for others, doctors aren't sure. To figure out if someone has epilepsy, doctors ask about their health, do some tests like brain scans, and watch for seizures. Treatment usually means taking special medicine, but sometimes people need surgery or changes in what they eat. Understanding epilepsy means knowing how it affects people and finding ways to help them.


Epilepsy in kids and teens means they have seizures before they turn 20. Seizures at this age can happen because of different reasons like genes, head injuries, or brain problems. Doctors find out if a kid has epilepsy by watching their seizures, asking about their health, and doing tests like brain scans. Kids with epilepsy usually take special medicines to stop seizures, and sometimes they need to change their diet or lifestyle. Parents, doctors, and teachers work together to help kids with epilepsy stay safe and feel good. It's important to manage epilepsy well for a better life.


Epilepsy in the elderly refers to seizures occurring in individuals over the age of 65. While the causes of epilepsy in older adults can be similar to those in younger individuals, such as brain injuries or strokes, age-related factors like dementia or medication interactions may also play a role. Diagnosing epilepsy in the elderly involves observing seizure symptoms, reviewing medical history, and conducting tests like EEG (electroencephalogram) and brain imaging. Treatment usually includes anti-seizure medications adjusted for age and health conditions. Managing epilepsy in older adults requires considering their unique needs and potential complications, with a focus on safety and maintaining quality of life.


Epilepsy surgery is a treatment option for individuals with epilepsy whose seizures cannot be adequately controlled with medication. This surgical procedure involves identifying and removing or disconnecting the area of the brain responsible for generating seizures, known as the epileptic focus. Prior to surgery, patients undergo extensive evaluation, including EEG monitoring, brain imaging, and neuropsychological testing, to precisely locate the epileptic focus and assess potential risks and benefits of surgery. Epilepsy surgery aims to reduce or eliminate seizures while minimizing neurological deficits. While not suitable for everyone, it can significantly improve seizure control and quality of life for select patients with drug-resistant epilepsy.


Epilepsy treatment is different for everyone. Doctors often start with medicines called antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) to stop seizures. It may take time to find the right medicine and dose. Surgery is an option for some people to remove the part of the brain causing seizures. Other treatments include special diets like the ketogenic diet or devices like vagus nerve stimulation for tough cases. Simple changes like sleeping well and managing stress can help too. Seeing the doctor regularly is important to check if the treatment is working and if there are any side effects. Learning about epilepsy, what to do during a seizure, and sticking to the treatment plan are important for both patients and their helpers. Teamwork between doctors, patients, and support groups helps give the best care for epilepsy, aiming for fewer seizures and a better life.


Women with epilepsy need careful planning with healthcare providers before pregnancy. Medication adjustments may be necessary to protect both mother and baby, but stopping abruptly can be harmful. Close monitoring throughout pregnancy helps manage medication and potential risks. A healthy lifestyle with proper nutrition and rest can reduce seizure frequency. There's a slightly higher risk of complications like preeclampsia, emphasizing the need for regular prenatal care. With careful planning and management, many women with epilepsy can have successful pregnancies.


Epilepsy can affect mental health in various ways. The stress of managing seizures, medication side effects, and social stigma can contribute to anxiety and depression. Additionally, epilepsy itself may alter brain function, leading to mood disturbances or cognitive challenges. Mental health conditions can exacerbate seizures, creating a cycle of worsening symptoms. It's crucial for individuals with epilepsy to receive comprehensive care addressing both physical and mental health needs. This includes access to therapy, support groups, and psychiatric interventions when necessary. By prioritizing mental health alongside seizure management, individuals with epilepsy can enhance their overall well-being and quality of life.


Highlighting recent advancements in epilepsy research and treatment, this track could cover topics such as new medications, surgical techniques, neurostimulation devices, and wearable technologies for monitoring seizures.


This track could offer practical advice and inspiration for individuals living with epilepsy to lead fulfilling lives. It could feature personal stories of resilience, strategies for managing daily challenges, and tips for fostering self-care and independence.


Epilepsy Advocacy and Support Exploring the importance of advocacy and support networks in the epilepsy community, this track could discuss ways to get involved in advocacy efforts, raise awareness, and connect with others affected by epilepsy.


Brain disorders encompass a spectrum of conditions affecting structure and function, leading to cognitive, behavioral, and neurological issues. Alzheimer's disease, the primary dementia form, manifests as progressive memory loss and cognitive decline. Parkinson's disease involves dopamine-producing neuron degeneration, causing movement problems and tremors. Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder marked by distorted thoughts, perceptions, and emotions. Epilepsy results in recurrent seizures due to abnormal brain electrical activity. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs from head trauma, causing various neurological deficits. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) impacts social interaction, communication, and behavior. Mental health disorders like depression and anxiety can stem from brain chemistry imbalances. Managing these disorders often requires a multidisciplinary approach involving medication, therapy, and lifestyle adjustments.


Brain cancer and tumors arise from abnormal cell growth in the brain or its nearby tissues. Primary tumors originate within the brain, while secondary tumors spread from elsewhere in the body. Symptoms, like headaches, seizures, cognitive issues, and personality changes, depend on the tumor's location, size, and growth rate. Diagnosis involves imaging tests, such as MRI or CT scans, and biopsy. Treatment options include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or targeted drugs. Prognosis varies based on factors like tumor type and health status. Early detection and comprehensive management involving specialists improve outcomes.


Neurological disorders affect the nervous system, comprising the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, and present with diverse symptoms like movement issues, sensory loss, cognitive decline, or autonomic dysfunction. Examples include Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Diagnosis involves neurological exams, imaging, and lab tests. Treatments vary but may include medication, therapy, and supportive care, aiming to alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life for those affected.


Neuroimmunology explores the intricate relationship between the nervous and immune systems. It investigates how immune responses impact neurological function and vice versa. This interdisciplinary field delves into the mechanisms underlying neuroinflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis, where immune cells attack the central nervous system, leading to neurological impairment. Understanding these interactions is crucial for developing targeted therapies that modulate immune responses to protect neural tissue. Research in neuroimmunology also sheds light on the role of the immune system in neurodevelopment, neurodegeneration, and neuropsychiatric disorders, offering insights into potential therapeutic interventions for various neurological conditions.


The brainstem is a vital component of the central nervous system located at the base of the brain, connecting the cerebrum with the spinal cord. It consists of three main regions: the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. Responsible for essential life-sustaining functions, the brainstem regulates heartbeat, breathing, and consciousness levels. It also serves as a conduit for sensory and motor pathways, relaying information between the brain and the rest of the body. Additionally, the brainstem houses nuclei involved in controlling reflexes, eye movements, and sleep-wake cycles. Damage to the brainstem can result in severe neurological deficits and even life-threatening complications.


Neuro-oncology focuses on the study and treatment of brain tumors, which arise from abnormal growths of cells within the brain or its surrounding tissues. These tumors can be primary, originating within the brain, or secondary, spreading from other parts of the body. Diagnosis involves imaging tests like MRI or CT scans, followed by a biopsy to determine the tumor's type and grade. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or targeted drug therapy. Prognosis varies depending on factors such as tumor type, location, and the patient's overall health. Managing brain tumors often requires a multidisciplinary approach involving various medical specialists.


Mental retardation, now referred to as intellectual disability, is characterized by limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, affecting daily life skills. Causes vary, including genetic conditions, prenatal exposure to toxins or infections, or brain injury during birth or infancy. Diagnosis typically occurs in childhood, with severity ranging from mild to profound, influencing learning, communication, and social interaction. Early intervention, such as specialized education and therapy, can improve outcomes. However, individuals with intellectual disabilities often face stigma and barriers to inclusion in society, impacting employment opportunities and social relationships. Supportive environments, including accessible education and community programs, are essential for their well-being and integration.


Neurology explores the intricate relationship between the brain's structure, function, and behaviour. It delves into how neurological conditions and disorders, like strokes or Parkinson's disease, affect behaviour, cognition, and emotions. Through advanced imaging techniques and neurological assessments, researchers uncover the neural mechanisms underlying human behaviour. Understanding these connections aids in diagnosing and treating neurological disorders, improving patient outcomes. Additionally, neurology intersects with psychology and psychiatry, enriching our comprehension of mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety. By bridging neuroscience with behaviour, neurology contributes to enhancing quality of life and fostering a deeper understanding of the human experience.


Migraine is a neurological disorder characterized by recurring headaches, often accompanied by nausea, sensitivity to light and sound. It can significantly impact daily life, causing intense pain and disrupting activities. Triggers vary, including stress, hormones, and certain foods. Treatment may involve medication, lifestyle changes, and stress management techniques.


Anxiety disorders involve excessive worry, fear, or apprehension, affecting daily life. They can lead to sleep disorders like insomnia, where individuals struggle to fall or stay asleep, or experience poor sleep quality. Conversely, some anxiety disorders manifest as excessive sleepiness or fatigue. Both conditions can exacerbate each other, forming a vicious cycle. Treatment often includes therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes to manage anxiety and promote healthy sleep patterns for improved overall well-being.


Psychiatric disorders are different kinds of problems that affect how people feel, act, and think. Examples include feeling really sad (depression), having extreme mood swings (bipolar disorder), hearing or seeing things that aren't there (schizophrenia), and feeling very worried or scared (anxiety disorders). These issues can make it hard to do daily tasks, get along with others, and feel happy. They can happen because of genes, things in the environment, or how the brain works. Treatment might include talking with a therapist, taking medicine, or both, depending on what works best for each person. It's important to have supportive people around and to fight against unfair judgments about these problems so that everyone can understand and help each other better.


Clinical case reports offer valuable insights into epilepsy and brain disorders, detailing individual patient experiences, treatments, and outcomes. These reports document diverse manifestations of epilepsy, such as seizure types, triggers, and response to medications. Additionally, they illuminate the complexities of brain disorders, including neurodegenerative conditions and traumatic brain injuries. By sharing unique patient journeys, clinicians enhance understanding of disease mechanisms and treatment strategies. Case reports also contribute to medical literature, guiding future research and clinical practice. Through detailed documentation and analysis, these reports play a crucial role in advancing knowledge and improving care for individuals living with epilepsy and various brain disorders.